Whither Goes Real Estate?

CommentaryReal estate increasingly will face two contrary forces. On the one hand, buying will suffer as rising mortgage rates render home ownership less affordable. On the other hand, ongoing concerns about inflation will drive buyers into real estate, for history shows that it provides inflation protection for their wealth, especially in the face of falling stock and bond prices. The balance of these forces will likely drive buyers to make purchases but at a lower point on a likely rising price distribution than they would otherwise prefer. Some of these developing effects are already evident in the available statistics. The Commerce Department reports that while mortgage rates remained low last year, buying surged. In just four months between August and December 2021, the pace of homebuying jumped 22 percent. In this year’s first two months, still-low mortgage rates sustained this high level of sales. True, the statistics showed a modest retrenchment of 5.8 percent during January and February, but that was less a sign of weakness than a reflection of the usual month-to-month variation in statistics. A sign points toward an Open House in Alhambra, Calif., on May 4, 2022. The Fed announced its biggest interest rate hike in over 20 years as it deals with fast-rising prices in the U.S. economy. (Frederic J. Brown/AFP via Getty Images) Things changed in March when the Federal Reserve (Fed) began to act against inflation and started its effort to raise interest rates, including mortgage rates. The affordability of homeownership, according to an accounting kept by the National Association of Realtors (NAR), dropped some 24 percent from February’s level to April, the most recent month for which data are available. Sales fell with that drop in affordability so that by April, the rate of sales had more than given up all the gains achieved in the latter part of 2021. In May, however, sales rebounded, rising 11 percent even as affordability appeared to deteriorate further. This jump could, of course, simply reflect those month-to-month variations in the collection of statistics. More likely, however, the sales gain reflects the second and contrary force mentioned above—the desire for real estate holdings to protect wealth from financial market declines and inflation’s other ill effects. People, after all, could see by then that housing was beginning to confirm its historic role of providing inflation protection. The NAR reports that the median price of a home went from rising some 5 percent rate in 2021 to a remarkable 10 percent in just the first four months of this year. That more than kept up with inflation. Despite rising mortgage rates, people wanted exposure to this one asset that could keep ahead of inflation. Statistics show this effect shows in other ways as well. Last December, when mortgage rates were still low, and inflation concerns were just budding, the Commerce Department recorded that a disproportionate number of sales occurred at the higher end of the price distribution. While the median home price tracked by the NAR stood at some $360,000, fully one-third of home purchases nationwide occurred at over $500,000. Only 29 percent of national purchases occurred at prices near the median. Clearly, low mortgage rates enabled people to reach. But with the rise in mortgage rates, people began to trade down in the price distribution. As of May, some 53 percent of the purchases occurred at prices closely clustered around the median price. U.S. Federal Reserve Chair Jerome Powell speaks during a news conference on interest rates, the economy, and monetary policy actions, at the Federal Reserve building in Washington, on June 15, 2022. (Olivier Douliery/AFP via Getty Images) This incipient pattern will likely become more extreme during this second half of the year and into 2023. It could extend for longer in the not unlikely event that inflation persists. Sales at the very top prices will no doubt hold up. Affordability means less to those who buy in that range, while they have a powerful need to protect wealth from losses in financial markets and the other ravages of inflation. Others who once could reach because of low mortgage rates will trade down closer to the median price, while those who always had to buy at the lower end of the price distribution will be forced out of the market. Clustering toward the center of the price distribution will likely continue as long as interest rates rise and inflation presents a reason to buy real estate. Only a recession will bring an interruption. Then the negative effects on incomes and wealth will force a general abatement in the drive to put money into real estate. There is another possibility— inflation abates without a recession, and the Fed consequently takes the pressure off interest rates. Such a pleasant prospect, however, carries a low probability. Views expressed in this article are the opinions of the author and do not necessarily reflect

Whither Goes Real Estate?

Commentary

Real estate increasingly will face two contrary forces. On the one hand, buying will suffer as rising mortgage rates render home ownership less affordable. On the other hand, ongoing concerns about inflation will drive buyers into real estate, for history shows that it provides inflation protection for their wealth, especially in the face of falling stock and bond prices.

The balance of these forces will likely drive buyers to make purchases but at a lower point on a likely rising price distribution than they would otherwise prefer.

Some of these developing effects are already evident in the available statistics. The Commerce Department reports that while mortgage rates remained low last year, buying surged. In just four months between August and December 2021, the pace of homebuying jumped 22 percent.

In this year’s first two months, still-low mortgage rates sustained this high level of sales. True, the statistics showed a modest retrenchment of 5.8 percent during January and February, but that was less a sign of weakness than a reflection of the usual month-to-month variation in statistics.

Epoch Times Photo
A sign points toward an Open House in Alhambra, Calif., on May 4, 2022. The Fed announced its biggest interest rate hike in over 20 years as it deals with fast-rising prices in the U.S. economy. (Frederic J. Brown/AFP via Getty Images)

Things changed in March when the Federal Reserve (Fed) began to act against inflation and started its effort to raise interest rates, including mortgage rates. The affordability of homeownership, according to an accounting kept by the National Association of Realtors (NAR), dropped some 24 percent from February’s level to April, the most recent month for which data are available. Sales fell with that drop in affordability so that by April, the rate of sales had more than given up all the gains achieved in the latter part of 2021.

In May, however, sales rebounded, rising 11 percent even as affordability appeared to deteriorate further. This jump could, of course, simply reflect those month-to-month variations in the collection of statistics.

More likely, however, the sales gain reflects the second and contrary force mentioned above—the desire for real estate holdings to protect wealth from financial market declines and inflation’s other ill effects. People, after all, could see by then that housing was beginning to confirm its historic role of providing inflation protection.

The NAR reports that the median price of a home went from rising some 5 percent rate in 2021 to a remarkable 10 percent in just the first four months of this year. That more than kept up with inflation. Despite rising mortgage rates, people wanted exposure to this one asset that could keep ahead of inflation.

Statistics show this effect shows in other ways as well. Last December, when mortgage rates were still low, and inflation concerns were just budding, the Commerce Department recorded that a disproportionate number of sales occurred at the higher end of the price distribution.

While the median home price tracked by the NAR stood at some $360,000, fully one-third of home purchases nationwide occurred at over $500,000. Only 29 percent of national purchases occurred at prices near the median. Clearly, low mortgage rates enabled people to reach.

But with the rise in mortgage rates, people began to trade down in the price distribution. As of May, some 53 percent of the purchases occurred at prices closely clustered around the median price.

Epoch Times Photo
U.S. Federal Reserve Chair Jerome Powell speaks during a news conference on interest rates, the economy, and monetary policy actions, at the Federal Reserve building in Washington, on June 15, 2022. (Olivier Douliery/AFP via Getty Images)

This incipient pattern will likely become more extreme during this second half of the year and into 2023. It could extend for longer in the not unlikely event that inflation persists. Sales at the very top prices will no doubt hold up.

Affordability means less to those who buy in that range, while they have a powerful need to protect wealth from losses in financial markets and the other ravages of inflation. Others who once could reach because of low mortgage rates will trade down closer to the median price, while those who always had to buy at the lower end of the price distribution will be forced out of the market.

Clustering toward the center of the price distribution will likely continue as long as interest rates rise and inflation presents a reason to buy real estate. Only a recession will bring an interruption. Then the negative effects on incomes and wealth will force a general abatement in the drive to put money into real estate.

There is another possibility— inflation abates without a recession, and the Fed consequently takes the pressure off interest rates. Such a pleasant prospect, however, carries a low probability.

Views expressed in this article are the opinions of the author and do not necessarily reflect the views of The Epoch Times.


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Milton Ezrati is a contributing editor at The National Interest, an affiliate of the Center for the Study of Human Capital at the University at Buffalo (SUNY), and chief economist for Vested, a New York-based communications firm. Before joining Vested, he served as chief market strategist and economist for Lord, Abbett & Co. He also writes frequently for City Journal and blogs regularly for Forbes. His latest book is "Thirty Tomorrows: The Next Three Decades of Globalization, Demographics, and How We Will Live."